Background

The Committee on Individual Compensation for Victims of WWII Transport by NS was appointed in January 2019 with the Foundation being set up at the same time. The Committee comprises of 3 Board Members of the Foundation; Job Cohen, Lilian Gonçalves – Ho Kang You and Ellen van der Waerden. The committee is independent and focuses on how individual compensation could be provided for survivors and their next of kin, as well as on the actual implementation of the scheme.

During Second World War, Dutch Railways (Nederlandse Spoorwegen or NS) operated trains to the Dutch camps (WWII transport operations) on behalf of the occupying forces and also operated trains from Dutch camps and prisons to camps abroad (up to the Dutch border). Since 2016, Salo Muller has been in discussion with NS about the possibility of a compensation for the victims of these transport operations. Mr Muller survived the Holocaust, but lost his parents, who were killed by the Nazis in Auschwitz.

In November 2018, Mr Muller and NS jointly decided to set up an independent committee to ‘pay compensation to victims of the WWII transport operations on moral grounds’. In January 2019, an independent committee was set up to advise NS on how to proceed with individual compensation and who should be eligible. This Committee is also tasked with managing the implementation of the scheme and deciding whether or not to grant individual applications.

Salo Muller, Amsterdam, 29 november 2018. picture: Marc Driessen