Background

Consensus regarding the appointment of the Committee

During the Second World War, NS operated trains on instructions from the occupying forces. This is a dark chapter in the history of NS. At the end of November 2018, Holocaust survivor Mr Salo Muller and NS CEO Roger van Boxtel jointly decided to set up a committee to examine how individual compensation could be provided for survivors and next of kin of those who were transported by NS with a view to being taken to concentration or extermination camps. Salo Muller has been in discussion with NS regarding compensation for the victims of these transport operations since 2016. Mr Muller survived the Holocaust, but lost his parents, who were murdered by the Nazis in Auschwitz.

Appointment of the Committee

The Committee on Individual Compensation for Victims of WWII Transport by NS was appointed – and the Foundation for Individual Compensation for Victims of WWII Transport by NS established – in January 2019. The Committee is independent and focuses on how individual compensation could be provided for survivors and their next of kin, as well as on the actual implementation of the scheme. The Committee consists of the administrators of the Foundation, Job Cohen, Lilian Gonçalves-Ho Kang You and Ellen van der Waerden.

Advisory process

The Committee submitted its recommendation to the NS on 26 June 2019. 

Decision

NS has adopted the recommendation. The Payment Scheme sets out for whom the compensation was intended and includes information on the procedure.

Execution

From 5 August 2019 until 5 August 2020, it was possible to apply for individual compensation. It is no longer possible to submit new applications. Applications submitted in digital form before 5 August 2020 have been accepted for processing.

 

Salo Muller, Amsterdam, 29 november 2018. picture: Marc Driessen

In November 2018, Mr Muller and NS jointly decided to set up an independent committee to ‘pay compensation to victims of the WWII transport operations on moral grounds’.